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James Saumarez
(1757-1836)

James Saumarez was born in St. Peter Port, Guernsey on 11 Mar 1757 and died on 8 Oct 1836. He served in the Royal Navy.

He married Martha le Marchant on 27 Oct 1788.

He received the title of 1st Baron de Saumarez on 12 Sep 1831.

Honors:

Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (GCB) on 5 Sep 1802

Ranks:

Entered Navy (1770)
Lt (1776)
Cdr (1781)
Capt (1782)
RAdm B (1801)
RAdm R (1805)
VAdm B (1806)
VAdm R (1810)
Adm R (1830)

Ship Ranks:

Midshipman on the Winchelsea from 8 Nov 1770 to 14 Feb 1772
Midshipman on the Levant from 15 Feb 1772 to 14 Apr 1775
Captain on the Orion from Mar 1795

He appears as a character in the books "Happy Return, The" (C.S. Forester), "Master and Commander" (Patrick O'Brian), "Touch and Go" (C. Northcote Parkinson), "Malta Frigate, The" (Showell Styles), "So Near So Far" (C. Northcote Parkinson) and "Give Fire!" (Robert Challoner).

Notes:

Son of Matthew and Carteret (nιe le Marchant) de Saumarez. Nephew of Philip Saumarez and Thomas Saumarez.

• Elizabeth College, Guernsey.
• While on Bristol, 50, he took part in the attack on Fort Sullivan, South Carolina (28 Jun 1776).
• As Second Lieutenant of Fortitude (Captain Robertson), he took part in the Battle of Dogger Bank (5 Aug 1781).
• As Captain of Russell, 74, he took part in the Battle of the Saintes (12 April 1782).
• As Captain of Orion, 74, he took part in the Battle of Ξle de Groix (23 Jun 1795), the Battle of Cape St. Vincent (14 Feb 1797), and the Battle of the Nile (1 Aug 1798).
• Colonel of Marines (14 Feb 1799–1801)
• As Rear-Admiral (Blue) on board Caesar, 80, he was in command of the British ships during the battles at Algeciras (6 and 12 Jul 1801).
• Pension of £1200 per annum (25 Mar 1803).
• C-in-C Baltic (1808–1812)
• Promoted directly to Vice-Admiral of the Red from Vice-Admiral of the Blue
• C-in-C Plymouth (1824–1827)
• Vice-Admiral of England (1831–1832)
• General of Marines (Feb 1832–1836) Note: This office was abolished after his death.
• Elected an Elder Brother of Trinity House (1834)

Further Reading:

1801. Biographical Memoirs of Sir James Saumarez, Bart. Rear-Admiral of the Blue. The Naval Chronicle. 6:85–116.
Bienkowski, Lee. 2003. Admirals in the Age of Nelson. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press.
Ross, John, Sir 1838. Memoirs and Correspondence of Admiral Lord De Saumarez from Original Papers in Possession of the Family. London: Richard Bentley. (2 volumes)

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